Country of Origin: E. Asia - China. Occasionally naturalized in S.E. Europe
Habitat: Thickets, mountain ravines and forests.
Description: The species is dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate plants. The staminate inflorescence is a catkin up to 8 centimeters long with fuzzy male flowers. The pistillate inflorescence is a spherical head up to about 2 centimeters wide with greenish female flowers trailing long styles.5 This accession is a pistillate (female) specimen.
Uses: The inner bark of this plant was beaten and the principal ingredient in making tapa cloth or kapa in ancient Polynesia. An extensive description of the process can be found on the Canoe Plants of Ancient Hawaii Website.2
Culture: Moist soil, typically pruned to maintain as a small shrub although plant can attain 50' in the wild.